The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is the oldest breed that has undergone lengthy natural selection, and its representatives have tempered their character while living in harsh conditions. If you add to this a very impressive appearance of dogs and decent dimensions, it becomes clear that the "Caucasian" is not a pet for everyone. This is a self-confident, balanced animal, which will not immediately execute commands, questioning their rationality, so the owner will have to prove that his word has weight. How should training and education of the Caucasian Shepherd go in order to get an obedient and complaisant four-legged friend?
Puppy from 2 to 4 months
The puppy of this breed is a very glorious butuz resembling a teddy bear, it seems a very harmless and charming baby. The owners themselves and outsiders really want to squeeze it, stroke it, pick it up. But, in fact, these babies from a very early age show character, declaring their independence. Therefore, it is worthwhile to limit the period of fussing and immediately begin the educational process - the puppy must immediately understand that the owner is the "leader", the leader of the "pack" and should be obeyed.
As soon as a small "Caucasian" crossed the threshold of a new home, one should immediately draw a line: what is allowed to do and what is strictly prohibited. And it’s very important to never backtrack from what was planned: you can’t treat your pet to sausage today, and tomorrow you cannot scold him for begging, or let him into your warm bed from time to time when there is a mood. Even as a crumb, the shepherd will reveal weakness and will use it in every way for his own purposes, in order to take off from work over and over again.
First of all, you should accustom the puppy to his name. To do this, the chosen nickname is clearly and loudly, with positive notes, pronounced each time, calling or giving a command. Doggie quickly enough understands that the nickname is a signal that you should pay attention to the owner. At the same time, the puppy needs to be trained in the “to me!” Team. These dog skills will subsequently be very useful when a grown up dog shows an excessive interest in a passerby or is tied to a potential bride. But how many dangerous situations exist in which obedience to the pet will help to avoid serious consequences?
Most often, "Caucasians" are kept on the street, less often - in a house or apartment. In any case, the puppy begins to raise in the usual conditions for him. If the dog lives in a private house, then it is important that she is not always on the street, but that she has the opportunity to go into the house - this four-legged guard should know what he will have to protect if such a need arises.
"Place" is another important team that a puppy must learn in the first month of being in a new family. It is recommended to place the baby on his bedding as often as possible - if he goes to bed or gets confused under his feet. Over time, the pet will meekly leave for the place when the owner needs it, for example, if guests are expected.
From the first days, you should accustom your pet to cleanliness and mode. When giving the command "Toilet", you need to take the baby to the tray - when he wakes up, after a meal, after active games or training. When the planned vaccination is over, it can be taken out into the street.
Before the baby begins to walk outside, he should be gradually introduced to walking ammunition - a leash, a collar, a muzzle, putting them on periodically for a short time. Later, their use is combined with the “walk” team - the joy of the upcoming walk will help reduce resistance to forced clothing.
The Caucasian Shepherd is a serious dog both in size and in character, therefore walking it without accessories is not recommended. But this applies more to adult dogs. It is useful for puppies to wear them to exclude the possibility of eating debris and shoots.
Walking the puppy should be regardless of whether he lives in an apartment or aviary. Even if the pet spends a lot of time in the local area, he needs to appear in crowded places. see transport, get acquainted with brothers and other animals. This is an important aspect of socialization, due to which the dog will grow up balanced and calm, without excessive viciousness or timidity.
In addition, by the age of 4 months, the pet should master the basic commands that will be required for subsequent training and the owner’s interaction with the four-legged companion. These include the following:
- "Sit" and "lie" - basic skills, without mastering which further training is impossible.
- "Beside" - this skill consists in keeping the pet at the owner’s left foot while moving. His puppy is able to master after the commands "to me" and "sit".
- "Eat" - helps to accustom a pet to a diet - he should receive food at the same time in a certain place. In other periods, you should not feed your pet, the exception is encouraging the puppy for well-executed teams.
- "Stand" - A great skill that will help not only during training and walking, but also in the process of grooming - grooming, haircut, combing require patience from the dog, and when she hears the “stand” command, she will do it. Also, a long fixation of the body position of the dog will be required during exhibitions.
When raising such a formidable dog, special attention should be paid to the prohibiting commands "fu" and "not". Hearing the first, the pet must stop what he is doing - immediately, without delay. And the second is a direct prohibition - everything that ends with it should not be repeated in the future.
To develop distrust of outsiders in a shepherd follows from an early age. Do not let the puppy take food from the wrong hands or toys. It is advisable for the owner to start training before the pet reaches the first walk. At home, the dog should respond to prohibiting commands and know what he can do and what should be avoided. In this case, even being outside the usual yard, the dog will obey the owner, regardless of the situation.
Up to 4 months of age, only the owner should educate and train the puppy. Do not allow other members of the family to feed, touch or engage with the pet. Otherwise, the shepherd will not perceive the owner as a leader, and you should not expect implicit obedience from her.
Puppy 4-6 months
With a competent approach, the "Caucasian" by the age of 4 months will behave quite well-mannered, both at home and during walking. From this age, more attention should be paid to the process of socialization - it is recommended to often go with a pet to special areas where other dogs walk and engage. The teams worked out at home should be repeated and fixed outside the usual environment.
The puppy should not be distracted by extraneous irritants, and all his attention should be directed to the owner:
- "A place" - they give a command on the street, accompanying them with a certain gesture, throwing a leash on the ground. "You can only let go of a pet to get acquainted with relatives if the dog learns to obey the owner implicitly.
- Aport and "Barrier" - you should not expect that the "Caucasian" will immediately rush and carry out tasks, he needs a little time to think and decide whether he really needs it and if there is no other solution for the task.
If the Caucasian Shepherd has an active exhibition career, then it is worth starting to prepare it for such events. There is a special training that includes certain tasks:
- development of an exhibition stand and movements in the ring;
- trotted movement;
- working out specific commands - “lynx”, “show your teeth”, etc.
Puppy 6-12 months
The Caucasian Shepherd Dog needs a strong hand - its owner must have experience, firm character and patience. Representatives of this breed are too independent and willful to immediately submit to the will of the owner.
The dog will again and again test patience and test the trainer for strength, this is especially pronounced in adolescence, starting from six months. The owner must in no case lose his temper or show his weakness.
Training should take place according to the established algorithm, and the owner should not indulge the whims of a grown-up pet and various, sometimes unacceptable, tricks. The most important thing in this period is maintaining control and leadership positions.
If a person understands that the dog is aggressively oppressing him, suppresses him, then you should turn to professionals and take the course “Managed City Dog” with your pet. This will facilitate the process of teaching the shepherd to unquestioning obedience and help the owner better understand his stubborn pet.
"Caucasian" 12-24 months of age
Representatives of such a large breed grow very actively, already by the year reaching the size of an adult dog. But their growing up is much slower; one should expect serious behavior from a pet not earlier than two years. But the dog masters the main training program by the year, and if the owner is seriously engaged in training a four-legged friend, he gets a well-educated and trained dog.
Only under these conditions, from the age of 12 months, you can teach the "Caucasian" the skills of protective and guard duty. With training, this is possible earlier - from 8-10 months. The ZKS course includes the following:
- detection of objects, focusing on a specific smell;
- dogs are taught how to apprehend attackers and bring them to the owner;
- mastering the protection of personal belongings and protection against attacks.
The Caucasian Shepherd Dog can be both a formidable adversary and a loyal friend, a loyal friend, capable of giving his life for the owner and family. But to get the latter, the owner should take a more serious approach to the upbringing and training of the pet.
Video about training a Caucasian shepherd puppy
A number of important recommendations
Shepherd dogs from the Caucasus have a balanced psyche and high learning ability, but at the same time they are prone to dominance and are trained at the genetic level to make decisions independently. The main methods of training Caucasians is consistency and enormous patience:
- Do not rush things until the pet fixes the acquired skill, and you should not give him a new task;
- to start classes is best with a repetition of the past;
- the shepherd dog has self-esteem - it must not be offended, beaten or raised, the owner should also refuse to use the electric collar - such methods will make the dog unnecessarily aggressive, which is extremely dangerous.
Dogs of this breed have an aggression gene that they need to protect their homes and families. But if the pet is not subordinated, he can use his natural power not in a peaceful direction, for example, attack a visiting visitor or a passing dog that seemed suspicious to a shepherd. Any manifestation of anger without cause should be stopped in the bud, even if the puppy is trying to grab the child by the trouser leg - he needs to be pulled by the leash and in a strict voice say "it is impossible". With brighter manifestations of aggression, you can slightly shake the baby by the scruff.
In order for the pet to immediately understand the essence of the task, the teams should speak in a clear, reasonably loud voice. For puppies, a game form of training is suitable, but in the case of a grown dog, you should choose a different tactic. Experts who are familiar with the specifics of the training of such a formidable breed warn that all educational moments missed during puppyhood will certainly make themselves felt later.
The Caucasian shepherd is different from the German one - it is a “thinking” dog that is not used to rushing and blindly execute any command. If you force the process, the dog will be confused and will quickly lose interest in learning. But the most important thing is that the owner does not quit the process halfway and does not give up. In inept hands, an ill-mannered Caucasian turns into a formidable weapon, which is almost impossible to subjugate.