The bladder of a healthy adult cat should be empty at least once a day. In some cases: relocation, change of food, low activity of the animal, urinary retention of up to two days is possible. If the cat can not pee for more than two days or screams when trying to help, it must be urgently shown to the veterinarian.
What can be done urgently before a veterinarian examination
If it is not possible to quickly deliver the animal to the veterinarian, first aid should be provided by the owners of the cat at home.
First aid is as follows: a warming compress or heating pad is placed on the stomach and perineum. The heating pad and compress should be warm, but not hot! You can place the animal in a bath of warm water, making sure that the water does not reach the area of the heart.
It is forbidden to massage the cat’s stomach - this can cause serious complications.
Make sure that the cat drank enough, and if he refuses to drink - forcefully drink the animal from the pipette with clean water. Add some chicken stock to your regular feed to increase fluid intake. Play a little with your pet - this activates the work of all body systems. You need to play carefully so that the animal does not overwork.
Emergency medical care
The first medical aid at the veterinary clinic is the placement of a catheter. A professional catheter should only be inserted after pre-flushing the bladder with antiseptics. This operation is painful, therefore, it is performed under general anesthesia. After catheterization, the veterinarian performs a series of tests to find the cause of urinary retention.
Important: you can not often put a catheter - after this procedure, swelling of the urinary tract occurs. If the doctor sutured the catheter for several days, you need to keep the cat in a special collar at this time so that it does not injure itself and does not remove the catheter.
Diseases causing long urinary retention
If the cat cannot pee for more than two days, these may be symptoms of the following diseases:
- Cystitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bladder. The disease occurs due to infection in the bladder or due to mechanical damage to the mucous membrane. Animals of all breeds and ages are prone to cystitis. Due to the anatomical features, cats get sick more often than cats. The presence of the disease is indicated by the fact that the cat does not go to the toilet well after a small one - after the cat's attempts to empty the bladder, small droplets of urine stand out. It hurts cat to urinate, he screams heart-rendingly, rubs against the walls of the tray. Over time, the fear of pain makes the cat completely abandon visiting the tray. In such cases, you cannot postpone the visit to the veterinarian.
- Urethritis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the urethra. The disease usually develops against a background of cystitis. Castrated cats are most often prone to urethritis. If a castrated cat cannot pee, and after his long attempts, only droplets of urine appear in the tray in which blood can be seen, then the animal urgently needs to be shown to a doctor.
- Urolithiasis (urolithiasis) is a pathology in which sand crystals and urinary stones form in the urinary tract and in the bladder itself. Sand and stones pass through the ureter, irritate and injure the mucous membrane, cause inflammation - the cat cannot go to the toilet without pain, blood appears in the urine. In severe cases, patency of the urinary tract is completely impaired. Urolithiasis is a disease that requires urgent treatment. Only urgent surgery can solve the problem and save the life of the pet.
- Kidney disease. The list of congenital and acquired diseases of this organ is long - cats are prone to kidney diseases. Poor kidney function leads to irregular urination. A veterinarian according to the results of analyzes should diagnose and determine the treatment regimen.
- Dysfunction of the sphincter and bladder walls. The disease develops in elderly cats as a result of a malfunction of the central nervous system. Usually manifests itself as incontinence - old cats urinate for themselves. In some cases, poor discharge of urine develops. The diagnosis can be made by a veterinarian.
- Polyps of the urethra and bladder are benign neoplasms resembling warts. They can block the urinary tract and interfere with the outflow of urine. For diagnosis, it is necessary to conduct a number of studies (x-ray, ultrasound). The disease is treated surgically.
- Traumatic damage to the urinary tract. It is urgent to show the cat to the veterinarian if he fell from a height or he was in a car accident.
- Congenital pathology. Urinary retention may be associated with the developmental features of the cat's internal organs. In such cases, problems with urination appear at a fairly early age. Timely and accurate identification of them is necessary.
The cat cannot go to the toilet - alarming symptoms
Untimely outflow of urine can provoke a cat's life-threatening condition. In stagnant urine, pathogenic bacteria multiply rapidly. The bladder may not withstand stress. No less dangerous for the health and life of the pet is the general intoxication of the body.
Therefore, it is so important to learn how to identify the first symptoms of painful and difficult urination. The following signs of trouble should alert the owner:
- a cat or a cat sits in a tray for a long time, turns, chooses a pose, but as a result, it is dry in the tray;
- the animal screams during attempts to urinate;
- cats constantly lick the area of the urethra and meow plaintively;
- traces of blood, pus, white flakes are noticeable in the urine;
- a sharp change in the color or smell of urine;
- increased urination, lethargy, drowsiness, refusal to drink, or extreme thirst;
- the animal refuses games, becomes aggressive, restless;
- the abdominal wall becomes painful and tense;
- cats meow and scratch when trying to pick them up.
If one or more symptoms appear, it is necessary to show the animal to a specialist for diagnosis and treatment.
A little higher, we considered ways to help the cat so that he would go to the toilet to pee - it was exclusively about first aid. To self-medicate in such cases is to endanger the life of a pet.
The decision on the choice of treatment should be made by a veterinarian. In some cases, only an emergency operation can save a cat’s life, so it’s important not to postpone a visit to the doctor.
The treatment regimen is prescribed by a veterinarian, taking into account the history and final diagnosis.
Depending on the nature of the disease, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, diuretic, analgesic, antihistamine and hormonal drugs are prescribed.
All that is required of the owner is to strictly comply with all medical prescriptions, provide the animal with comfortable living conditions, observe the drinking regimen and adhere to the diet recommended by the doctor.
Regardless of the diagnosis, a sick cat will need a corrective diet. From the diet of an animal, it is necessary to exclude products that irritate the kidneys and organs of the urinary system.
The ban includes cheap dry food of economy and premium classes. These foods contain a lot of salt, preservatives, flavorings and colorings. Of the expensive dry feed, only special grades designed for animals with urological diseases and ICD are allowed.
Products that can not be given to sick cats:
- Pork is a fatty meat that compacts urine.
- Milk is a source of magnesium that makes urine outflow difficult.
- Raw fish - contains phosphorus. It can provoke the formation of stones in the bladder.
- Raw meat. Protein food overloads the kidneys.
Until the animal's condition stabilizes, the cat's diet should be light, high-calorie and natural. Be sure to monitor compliance with the drinking regime - the cat should always have enough fresh drinking water in it.
Prevention of diseases associated with difficulty urinating
Urination problems are especially common in castrated, sterilized, elderly, weakened animals, and obese cats.
Preventive measures should include:
- regular examination by a veterinarian and strict adherence to all prescriptions issued by a doctor;
- animal weight control. Obesity causes a malfunction in many body systems, excretory in the first place;
- adherence to a corrective diet;
- monitoring compliance with the drinking regime;
- prevention of hypothermia of the animal;
- a complete rejection of salt in cat food and other salty foods: smoked meats, sausages, salted meat and fish.
A careful attitude to your pet will allow loving owners to timely identify and eliminate problems associated with urinary retention.