Cats may have nine lives, but this does not mean that they do not get sick. For owners whose pets "picked up" a bacterial infection, instructions on the use of cefrthiaxon for cats will come in handy. This antibiotic copes with the most common pathogenic bacteria.
Indications and contraindications
Ceftriaxone is a fairly powerful antibiotic. It should be prescribed exclusively by a veterinarian, since its use is unsafe for a cat. Many owners can inject a drug into an animal on their own, but a non-specialist should not prescribe it.
For all systems
Indications for the use of the drug in cats may be inflammatory processes of bacterial origin or an increased threat of such infection. Therefore, the drug is used for
- inflammatory processes in the respiratory system;
- gastrointestinal infections;
- infectious lesions of the liver and biliary tract;
- osteomyelitis and other infections of the joints and bones.
Doctors also prescribe Ceftriaxone after surgery to avoid postoperative sepsis.
But the use of ceftriaxone has significant limitations. This drug is a powerful action, it has side effects. In many cases, the veterinarian appointing Ceftriaxone simply chooses the lesser of two evils.
The drug often causes allergic reactions. Therefore, at its first use it is good to do an allergy test. But there are times when the use of Ceftriaxone is contraindicated even in cats without allergic reactions..
- The kittens are not prescribed medicine - for them it is too strong.
- It is also impossible for pregnant and lactating cats - Ceftriaxone penetrates into milk. In pregnant cats, this treatment can cause a miscarriage.
- Very carefully, the drug is prescribed to animals that have previously had various diseases of the liver, kidneys, gall bladder. This is due to the fact that the drug is excreted from the body mainly by the kidneys, and side effects are often observed on their part.
- The use of Ceftriaxone is contraindicated if a cat is soon to be mated - Ceftriaxone may cause malformations of the offspring. Mating is permissible no earlier than 3 months after discontinuation of the drug. In other cases, you must either choose another medicine, or postpone mating.
When a sick cat has indications for the appointment of Ceftriaxone, but there are contraindications to it, the veterinarian evaluates the general picture of the condition of the animal. If the benefit of the treatment exceeds the possible harm, the drug may be prescribed. But here are the owners who treat cats with Ceftriaxone on their own, without veterinary control, risk the health of pets. In addition to allergies and adverse reactions from the liver, kidneys, heart, and reproductive system, antibiotic resistance may also occur.
Method of preparation
Ceftriaxone is sold in penicillin bottles in powder form. However, it is used in the form of injections (intramuscular or intravenous, but the first method is usually used for cats). Therefore, before administration, the drug must be diluted.
They arise because Ceftriaxone injections are very painful (victims of bronchitis and intestinal infections among people had the opportunity to experience this “pleasure” on themselves). Therefore, an antibiotic for intramuscular administration is usually diluted with a local anesthetic.
As such, either lidocaine or novocaine is used. These drugs are not harmless even to people - allergic reactions to them are not uncommon. But harmless distilled water does not reduce the feeling of “broken glass” with the introduction of the drug.
Both novocaine and lidocaine have fans. The first acts less powerful, but harmless to the cat's body. The second one relieves pain well, but in cats it is very common to have allergic reactions (up to death). Lidocaine is especially dangerous to animals with cardiovascular disorders, as it causes a drop in pressure and reduces the heart rate.
Before prescribing Ceftriaxone, the veterinarian must decide what to dilute the drug with. The decision should be based on a specific medical history. Most often, it is recommended to dilute the medicine with 0.5% novocaine. It is safe enough, and the effect of pain relief is present.
Ceftriaxone should be pricked once a day. Dosage is determined based on the weight of the animal. If the cat weighs no more than 2 kg, it should be 0.5 ml of the diluted preparation. Larger cats need a volume of 1 ml. With proper dilution, this portion will contain 250 mg of the drug, that is, just the recommended dose.
To properly breed Ceftriaxone for a cat, you should inject 3.6 ml of a solvent (local anesthetic or water) into a bottle with 1 g of medicine using a syringe. These are general recommendations, and in specific cases you should listen to the advice of a veterinarian.
Dogs are also treated with ceftriaxone. The principle of preparation of drugs in this case is the same, but the dosage should be recognized additionally.
It is important to remember: Ceftriaxone is not administered subcutaneously! Cats are injected intramuscularly. There are several general rules that you must follow to treat the animal at home..
- It is better to use insulin syringes - and dosage is easier to measure, and a short needle does not carry the risk of significant damage.
- It is better to stab into the hind paw, slightly above the hock.
- The needle is inserted quickly, and the solution itself is slow.
- The needle must be inserted at an acute angle (about 45 degrees) towards the base of the tail.
- The cat needs to be immobilized before the procedure (you can wrap it in a towel). But, since even with an anesthetic, the injection is unpleasant, it will almost certainly be convulsively twitching its paw.
- In order not to torment the animal in vain, paws should be alternated during the course of treatment (back-front or right-left). In the front paw, you can stab into the muscle near the shoulder.
If the owner is not confident in his abilities as a “nurse” or if he has an animal “with character,” it is better not to trust his own strengths. A cat can jerk violently and damage a muscle with a needle. And the owner can get from him for lack of dexterity. In any case, the veterinarian will make the injection better. If it is not possible to visit the veterinarian for each injection, you need to ask him to do at least the first in order to better master the technique.
The total dosage of ceftriaxone (i.e. the number of injections per treatment course) is determined only by the veterinarian. It can be adjusted along the way.
Although Ceftriaxone begins to act within 2-3 hours after administration, do not hope for such a quick effect. But, if after several days of using the drug there are no noticeable improvements or the disease progresses, the cat should be immediately taken to a specialist.
Despite the number of restrictions and contraindications, many veterinarians have successfully used ceftriaxone for cats. Ideal drugs do not exist, and this antibiotic has repeatedly proved its effectiveness.