A little kitten is a very cute creature that, like a child, can get sick. The worst thing is when the pet suffers from poisoning. If the kitten has diarrhea and vomiting, the first thing to do is contact your veterinarian. Intoxication for a small organism is deadly, as it can quickly lead to death. To begin with, the causes of the pathological condition are determined.
Causes of pathology
Before starting treatment for a pathological condition, you need to find out what reason provoked it. This will allow the doctor to prescribe adequate therapy. There are such causes of vomiting in a kitten.:
- Intoxication due to toxic poisoning. Even a small kitten can eat poisoned plants, household chemicals, and medications (potent or expired).
- The use of poor-quality or inappropriate food for the baby. In this case, there is no threat to the life of the kitten. Diarrhea happens only once. Vomiting may be absent. Diarrhea also appears due to the use of cow's milk by the kitten. This product is poorly digested by the small ventricle.
- Rapid change of feed. Before doing this, you must carefully read the instructions on the package. Vomiting in this case does not always appear.
- Helminthic invasion. Diarrhea and vomiting occurs if the infection of the kitten is too strong.
- Allergic reaction.
- Swallowing lumps of wool. Together with diarrhea, the kitten appears vomiting, as the hairs irritate the gastric mucosa.
- Bacterial infection. Such a pathological condition in a kitten is very life-threatening. The baby is still unable to overcome the infection on his own and can quickly die.
- Virus. Such diseases are accompanied not only by diarrhea, but also by vomiting. In this case, the participation of a veterinarian is required.
- Intestinal pathology. Diarrhea appears here often. In this case, the chair has a dark brown color.
- Intestinal obstruction, as well as pathology of the pancreas.
- Stress state. In this case, diarrhea is short, vomiting is absent.
- Diseases of the liver and kidneys.
Depending on the cause of diarrhea, it can be treated at home. But in some cases, the kitten needs emergency assistance. With severe dehydration, even with successful treatment, the baby is not immune from the consequences in the form of pathologies of the digestive system, kidneys, and liver.
If the pet becomes vomiting, additional symptoms need to be considered. It is necessary to tell the doctor about them - he will more accurately determine the cause of the pathological condition and help the kitten more quickly. In addition to diarrhea and vomiting, the baby may experience:
- unpleasant stool odor;
- the presence of mucus or blood in the discharge;
- general weakness and lethargy;
- loss of activity and appetite;
- sneezing and coughing;
- change in body temperature;
- discharge from the eyes and nose.
If such symptoms are present, self-medication is not worth it. It is better to consult a doctor right away, because the kitten’s body is not so strong as to cope with the disease on its own.
Before therapy, it is necessary to examine the pet. He takes a blood and urine test. Such studies are needed to identify infectious diseases. X-rays and ultrasound will be required in case of suspected pathology of the internal organs. Be sure to analyze the vomit and feces.
When is emergency care needed?
With prolonged vomiting and diarrhea, the kitten should be urgently taken to the doctor. The main danger for the baby in this case is the dehydration of the body, from which it can die. Often you can’t do without a dropper.
It is also necessary to consult a doctor if mucus or blood is present in the stool, and diarrhea itself appears more than 4 times a day. Emergency help requires a baby whose temperature changes, convulsions appear.
The doctor will need it if the discharge is too strong and fluid, vomiting is present at the same time, the pet is constantly meowing (this indicates the presence of pain). You need to take the baby to the veterinary clinic, even if the symptoms are gone and he felt better.
The worst disease for a pet is panleukopenia. The disease has a viral nature, progresses rapidly and is difficult to treat. Pathology can be suspected if the kitten refuses to eat and he has uncontrollable diarrhea. Timely contact to the veterinarian can save the life of the animal. Also important is the timely vaccination of a pet.
If the kitten has diarrhea, it is necessary to find out the cause of its appearance. Do not engage in amateur activity, it is better to undergo a course of treatment prescribed by a doctor. In general, therapy involves the use of medications and nutritional corrections.:
- Antiviral serum with antibodies.
- Antibacterial drug. It kills pathogens that develop at high speed. The doctor should prescribe the drug. If the kitten is not yet a month old, antibiotics should not be given to him.
- Probiotics for restoring normal microflora in a kitten: Linex, Lactobifid, Bifidumbacteyin.
- Medicines for the destruction of worms.
- Antispasmodic: Papaverine. This drug helps to restore the normal functionality of the intestines, eliminates cramps that cause pain. To eliminate unpleasant sensations, the kitten can also be given half a tablet of Drotaverin.
- Preparations for subcutaneous administration or droppers that stop dehydration of the kitten's body.
- Sorbent: Enterosgel. It allows you to cleanse the body of the waste products of pathological bacteria, poisons and toxins. You can also try activated carbon first. However, it is indicated only if there are no other serious symptoms.
- Herbal Medicines: Veracol.
- A good effect has folk decoctions based on chamomile or oak bark. They relieve inflammation and disinfect.
During therapy, you must follow a strict diet (this will calm vomiting and diarrhea). One day a kitten should not be given food at all. He should only drink a lot, with simple boiled water. After a day, the baby can be given a little boiled rice. Canned meat can be added to porridge only after diarrhea and vomiting have completely stopped.
Within a week, it is better not to give the kitten fatty foods (meat, dairy products) so that there is no repeated vomiting. Even if the baby is already feeling better, he should still be shown to the veterinarian.
Do not use Loperamide or other human medicines to stop diarrhea, as a small body can give a negative reaction.
If you plan to switch to a new food, you need to give it in small portions, mixing with the usual animal food.
- It is important to monitor what the kitten eats. If he plays, you should give him items that he will not swallow.
- The kitten should be given periodically preparations for the destruction of worms.
- Periodic combing of the hair prevents swallowing of its lumps.
So, what to do when the kitten is vomiting and diarrhea is already clear, but it is better not to allow the appearance of such a situation.