Bloodhound belongs to the group of hounds and breeds close to them, sections of hounds, subsection of large dogs. Place of origin - Bloodhound or Chien de Saint Hubert bred in Belgium.
History of breed origin
Bloodhound is one of the oldest breeds in the world whose ancestors were discovered in Belgium. Here the dogs were called hounds, since their purpose was to catch runaway peasants. They were also actively used to search for criminals and protect wealthy people.
In Germany, they received the name leithund or pack hound, as they were used to create the royal pack. Then they were crossed with Italian relatives, resulting in the formation of the "white dog of the king." After that, the English breeders began to breed, which gave the breed a modern name. Bloodhounds were actively used to harass wild animals, and then for rutting and independent search for prey.
Representatives of the breed have black-tawny, black and tan and tan coat color. The standard allows white marks on the chest, tail and ends of the fingers. In the bloodhound, the average height of the withers is 60-67 centimeters, the mass can reach 40-48 kilograms. Representatives of the breed have long ears touching the floor.
Bloodhound belongs to the breeds of dogs, representatives of which grow up late. Until the age of two, they remain small puppies.
Dogs feel comfortable, both in the city and beyond, in the presence of sufficient physical activity, which eliminates the development of obesity in them. Representatives of the breed have a well-developed flair, which allows them to be good hunters. They are actively used in search activities and for protection. To maintain good shape, they need daily one and a half hour walks. But it is best to walk twice a day for 40 minutes. In addition, they like to just run around on their own.
Walking the bloodhound, it is recommended not to unfasten the leash, because curious animals can give in to temptation and run towards something unknown, but with a captivating smell. So they can go for any aroma, even left by a person, which is very rare among dogs. It is believed that the bloodhound may follow the smell of 4 days ago and will not stop the "pursuit" until it finds its source, even if the path is very long.
Therefore, from this breed of dogs, stubborn bloodhounds are obtained, which are used to save people and search for criminals.
Bloodhounds are difficult to train, it will take a lot of strength and patience in order to raise good companion dogs in them.
The main factor in the learning process is perseverance, as they are rather stubborn. In addition, they are very vulnerable and impressionable, which will require a caring and affectionate attitude.
The cruel treatment of Bloodhounds develops aggression in them. They absolutely do not recognize physical abuse and pain. By hitting the dog once, you can no longer gain its trust.
All more or less edible, and inedible, but located in his mouth and chewing, the bloodhound is able to chew and swallow. Therefore, you need to carefully monitor what and how your pet eats.
A properly selected diet will help maintain good health and increase the life expectancy of your beloved dog. When developing a nutritional system, to begin with, correctly determine the necessary daily dose of food. Please note that it must be at least 20% of the weight of the pet. Make sure that with food the animal receives the necessary minerals and vitamins for its age. Specialists recommend feeding the puppy with dairy products, gradually feeding them with cereal cereals, natural meat and offal, not forgetting to include vegetables useful for it on the menu. It is undesirable to treat dogs with potatoes, since its use reduces the absorption of B vitamins by the body.
The presence of long ears makes them prone to infectious diseases. They are also predisposed to flatulence, joint dysplasia and eye diseases. With proper care and maintenance, they can live up to 10-12 years.
Unfortunately, bloodhounds tend to howl, snore, and often drool. In addition, representatives of this breed spread a specific, unpleasant for sensitive people, dog smell.
However, these shortcomings overlap with the merits of bloodhounds, and the true "dog lovers" are tolerant of them.
Care and maintenance
Bloodhound has a very short smooth coat, which can be "combed" with a normal rubber glove.
Bloodhound washes are advised as necessary so as not to disturb the integrity of the skin's natural protective layer.
In order for the coat to shine and gloss after bathing, wipe the dog with a hard towel. It also requires regular cleaning of the ears, clipping of the nails and eye care. Bloodhounds are demanding for walks - they require a lot of time and sufficient territory for familiarization.
The best place to keep is a country house with large surrounding areas. But they also tolerate the conditions of the apartment, in the presence of regular daily walks.
Bloodhounds are very kind and well-bred dogs. They show high patience towards children, with whom they quickly find a common language and like to spend time behind a fun game. Strangers are treated with caution, but do not show signs of aggression and anger. They relate well to relatives and other animals in the house, and willingly come in contact with them.
Bloodhounds are well balanced. Patience and industriousness allow them to conduct a study of the territory for several hours. They are willing to communicate and show high devotion to their master. Having acquired a puppy of a bloodhound, you will find in his face a faithful friend and companion. Representatives of the breed are kind, timid and even shy. In order to trust a stranger, he will need a lot of time and effort. They can quickly get carried away by an interesting find, so they should not be let loose on a walk. The cheerful disposition of dogs allows them to remain "children" until almost two years of age. They like to play with people and travel.
A healthy well-fed puppy of this breed should demonstrate good appetite and exhibit motor activity. The coat at the bloodhound should shine, the nose should be wet to the touch, no discharge should come out from the ears and eyes. The elongated shape of the head and long, low-set ears hanging down down the sides are the first thing that should catch your eye. Remember that buying a thoroughbred puppy is safer in a specialized nursery, where you must provide a passport with data on vaccinations.