The animal world of the planet is full of a variety of representatives that amaze the human imagination with their size. There are both the tiniest individuals and surprisingly huge specimens that feel quite comfortable in the natural habitat. It is the latter that especially attract the attention of man and make one only guess what caused such an impressive weight and height. What is the largest animal on earth?
Main record holder
The blue whale is the largest animal of the planet, which a person had the opportunity to measure and weigh. The weight of a newborn kitten is 2-3 tons, and the average weight of adults is 100-120 tons with a body length of up to 30 meters. But larger animals are also known in history:
- in 1926, whalers met a female weighing 150 tons;
- in 1947, a whale with a body weight of 190 tons was slaughtered.
Due to its incredible size, it is not possible to weigh a whole animal on a whaling vessel, therefore a special method of weighing in parts has been developed.
On a note! Only one tongue of a blue whale weighs about 2.7 tons - just such a body mass has the average Indian elephant. The heart of a mammal has a weight of at least 600 kg, which can be compared in weight and size to the dimensions of the Mini Cooper.
You can meet this champion in the water areas of many countries: Russia, Japan, China, Malaysia, India, USA, Norway, Iceland, Chile, Colombia, etc. They usually live alone, very rarely - in groups of 2-3 individuals. A whale spends up to 1 million calories per day, to replenish which it needs to eat 1 ton of krill or other small clams.
Other giants of the planet
In addition to the blue whale, other large animals that belong to different categories live on our planet. So, among birds, rodents, reptiles and other representatives of the animal world there are record holders that attract attention with their anomalously large dimensions.
The largest animal among those living on land. The average weight of males is 7-8 tons, the length of the body is 6-7.5 m at a height of 3-3.5 m, and the weight of their tusks can reach 100 kg. They almost never meet enemies in the wild, from the attack of lions or crocodiles, sometimes only calves suffer. But these elephants are often destroyed by humans (tusks of elephants are a valuable hunting item), therefore, are listed in the Red Book.
Interesting! African elephants sleep standing and are still able to mourn the dead, in which they can be compared to humans
The largest predator living today, since the weight of adult males reaches 4 tons and a length of 2.6-3 m. They spend most of their lives in the aquatic environment, and they are rarely picked on land (mainly during the breeding season). A unique feature of these animals is that males are usually 5-6 times heavier than females.
It is considered the largest bird: an adult can weigh up to 150 kg and grow up to 3 m in height. Huge birds live in the lowlands of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula and are also owners of the title of the fastest biped animal. In addition, they lay eggs weighing up to 2 kg, which are considered one of the world's delicacies.
The largest representative of rodents on the planet. Adult animals can grow up to 150 cm in height and weigh up to 100 kg. They live near water in the temperate and tropical latitudes of South America. Capybaras are well adapted to life with a person, so they are sometimes used by local residents as pets.
Sea (comb) crocodile
It is the largest reptile. It lives in Southeast Asia, off the east coast of India and in northern Australia. The body length of adult crocodiles can exceed 6 m, and weight - 1 t. This is a very dangerous predator that can attack any living object in sight, regardless of whether it is on land or in water.
A giant among snakes, whose weight can reach 200 kg. The maximum recorded length of the snake is 11.43 m. But scientists believe that individuals with large parameters can be found in the wild forests of South America. Anaconda wraps itself around its victim until it is completely strangled and then swallows it whole, after which it can go without food for up to 1 month.
It is the largest arthropod, since its weight reaches 19 kg, and its body length together with its paws is 3.9 m. This giant lives in the waters of the Japanese Islands, eats small mollusks and is able to live up to 100 years.
Modern large animals of the Earth are by no means inferior in size to their prehistoric predecessors. But if a person does not treat them with respect and continues to destroy their environment, they run the risk of disappearing from the face of our planet, like dinosaurs millions of years ago.