The German Shepherd was the result of a search for a universal breed, the working qualities and mental abilities of which would make it possible to use it in any field. Initially, they were mainly shepherds, but soon they began to be actively trained for customs and police services, where the dogs showed outstanding results in finding drugs and smuggling. Often, shepherd dogs accompany the blind, they are wonderful guard dogs and reliable companions.
Country of Origin - Germany.
Max von Stefanitz can rightly be called the ancestor of the breed, it was he, an ordinary German military man, who set himself an seemingly impossible task: to develop a universal breed in which all the qualities necessary for a person were combined. He began to search for a suitable animal, enlisting the support of a friend and ally Arthur Mayer.
In 1899, such a dog was found, Stefanitz saw it at the exhibition, it was a medium-sized male named Hector, later renamed Horand von Grafrat, he was registered as the first German shepherd, gave numerous, high-quality offspring, from which all modern representatives of the breed. The formation of the breed usually takes a long period of time, but in the case of the German shepherd it turned out differently. It took no more than 20 years for its popularization and recognition. By 1923, there were more than 20 thousand breeders and just breed lovers.
During the First World War, German shepherds proved to be the best, but the defeat of Germany on the development of the breed affected not the best way. All German in the world has a negative attitude. After the Second World War, a new stage began, the revival of the breed and now dogs from Germany have spread around the world.
External data and nature
German shepherd is a medium-sized dog, strong.
- The head is wedge-shaped, moderately wide. The nose is straight, the presence of a hump is undesirable. Lips are dry, dark in color. The jaw is well developed, the bite is powerful, scissor-like.
- Eyes set a little slanting, almond-shaped, color - dark. Ears of medium size, erect with pointed ends, are directed forward.
- The neck is strong, without suspension with well-developed muscles. The body falls to the croup by about 20˚. The tail is held in a bend. The chest is moderately wide. The forelimbs are straight, the hind limbs are slightly bent. The step is sweeping, the movements are light. The coat is stiff with a thick undercoat.
German shepherds are stable, strong psyche, balanced and noble. The "pure" representatives of the breed negative character traits should be completely absent, this is what makes them unique. Shepherd dogs are very loyal to their family, protecting it will stand to death. They love children very much. They cannot stand loneliness and idleness.
The nature of this breed of dog can be described for a very long time, but only in good words.
German shepherds, contrary to popular belief, are not conflicting and not prone to aggression against humans and various animals. They usually adequately assess the situation, and are able to recognize the impending danger. Therefore, in the event of a threat from the outside, the dog will not wait for your order, but will react on its own, successfully protecting you.
A distinctive feature of their character is glorified fearlessness. The shepherd will not hesitate for a long time whether to fight her with a stronger enemy or to retreat, she will immediately rush at him and will resist from the last forces, neutralizing the enemy. The dog has an affection for one owner, who must take up its upbringing. At the same time, she also loves other family members and does not leave without attention, especially she likes talking with children, playing with which a serious dog is forgotten and mischievous.
The German shepherd, having lost its owner’s company for a long time, will long for him. So that she does not become depressed, she needs to be entrusted with some kind of responsible business, for example, she should be sent to protect the house territory or household items.
Dogs of the German Shepherd breed of this breed are extremely smart and intelligent, but they need a good education and enhanced training no less than other breeds.
This animal has long secured a place in the top three most intelligent dogs on the planet. This statement is constantly supported in the minds of people by the works of cinema, where smart and successfully trained German shepherds are actively involved. But when buying a purebred puppy, it must be remembered that only with regular upbringing, an adult dog can demonstrate unique intellectual abilities.
Fortunately, the shepherd can be easily trained, captures commands on the fly, and implements immediately. Some may have difficulty obeying if the correct approach to the animal is not found.
If you need a dog, like "out of the movie", then regular home schooling for teams will not be enough. You will have to undergo professional training with specialists in one, or better, several different training courses. Watching what you expect from your pet.
Of course, you need to start training with a general, compulsory training course. To carry out the professional service of animals, it is additionally possible to train various professional skills, for example, search or guard duty.
Shepherd training is loved and perceived as a game that can be boring. Physical activity is not lower than the average level, energetic, jogging over long distances, tasks to overcome obstacles and, of course, games. Shepherd’s temperament is restrained, balanced, they are distinguished by a high level of intelligence, courage, integrity, dedication. These dogs are very devoted to the family, completely dependent on the owner.
Maintenance and care
Heard about the independent nature of the German Shepherd, some dog lovers believe that minimal care will be enough for them. To some extent, this statement is true, but this in no way means that you can leave the acquired pet to yourself. The best qualities of the breed can be demonstrated only by a strong and healthy dog, therefore, it needs constant attention and care from the household.
Representatives of the breed feel great in the apartment, subject to a two-time walk, can live in a private house or in an aviary in the yard. They easily get used to the new environment, easily move and travel. The worst thing for them is separation, even a short one. They are very affectionate to children, sometimes they are too patronized. With other animals, they are usually friendly, but without early socialization they can try to take a leadership position. It is not difficult to look after the hair of a German shepherd, it is enough to comb it once a week, and as necessary during the molting period. They bathe a couple of times a year. Nail clippings are usually not required.
Shepherd dogs are quite clean and neat, they can be kept in the apartment with the only condition, to provide the animal with an active exercise. They will feel good in the enclosure, easily tolerate severe frosts. Caring for a dog is simple, combing them regularly is enough. They rarely bathe, not more than three times a year. Periodically, even if they feel well, they examine their ears and skin.
Diet and health
Shepherd dogs are absolutely unpretentious to food. They can be fed with natural food or ready-made mixtures, it is important that the diet is complete, and fully meets the physical exertion of the dog. You need to carefully monitor the portions, a overfed pet will become lethargic, slow and gain weight quickly. German shepherds are distinguished by excellent health if their diet and physical activity comply with the standards.
Of course, there are a number of hereditary diseases to which the breed is most predisposed, these include: dysplasia of the elbow and hip joints, ear infections, atopy, degenerative myelopathy. Sheepdogs are prone to inversion of intestines.
In order to maintain a healthy spirit in the dog, it is necessary to observe the vaccination calendar, conduct timely treatment for internal and external parasites, and regularly monitor the condition of the skin and coat. You need to be careful in time to distinguish the manifestation of a reaction to any food or non-food allergen from signs of skin disease.
Life expectancy up to 14 years.
As you can see, the acquisition of this strong independent dog does not relieve you of the need for constant care and monitoring. Lack of attention and non-observance of important feeding and maintenance rules can have an extremely negative effect on the health status and character traits of a pet. Therefore, before you buy a German shepherd, think about whether you can devote a large amount of time to care for it.
Pictures of German Shepherds: