To know the owner, the cat is sterilized or not, it is necessary if the animal was picked up on the street. Such knowledge will help to avoid possible problems if the cat was taken from the shelter or was picked up on the street. Unsterilized cats often create problems for their owners who do not plan to breed kittens.
First of all, you need to know the main signs that distinguish a sterilized animal from an unsterilized one in order to take the necessary measures in a timely manner.
If the cat was taken from the shelter, you can look for an area with shaved hair on the animal’s stomach. To do this, gently turn the pet on its back and carefully consider the area of the white line of the abdomen. A recently operated cat will have a much shorter coat on its stomach than on the rest of the body.
Note! Not only during sterilization, it is necessary to shave the abdomen. Other surgical interventions in the peritoneal area require this as well.
Other characteristic signs:
- Specific scar. With this, difficulties can arise, since the regrown wool perfectly hides the traces of the operation. In order to have a good view of the skin in the abdomen, the cat is laid neatly on its back, spreading the coat. It is worth noting that detecting a scar is quite problematic, since the scar is not large, and almost completely disappears over time. The scar from sterilization looks like a straight and thin line located along the lower abdomen.
- Chip or tattoo. Sometimes street cats are captured for sterilization purposes. After the operation and the end of the postoperative period, the animals are released without further reproduction. In such cases, veterinarians apply a small tattoo. This helps to quickly determine if the animal is sterilized. The green tattoo is not large in size and is located in the area of the tissue incision. Spreading the wool, you can try to find a mark.
Modern veterinary clinics can perform chipping and tattooing around the ear. To do this, you need to carefully examine the inside of the ear shell for a mark or a specific type with the information printed.
When the cat is in deep anesthesia, a small incision in the ear can be made. This technique is painless and does not cause much discomfort to the cat. The wound heals quickly, and the ear at the cut site becomes straight. As a rule, an incision is made on the left ear.
Character features of a sterilized animal
As a result of the operation to remove the reproductive organs in cats, there is a change in the hormonal balance in the animal due to a decrease in the production of specific hormones.
After sterilization, the animal becomes much calmer, constantly trying to spend time with its owner.
The sterilization performed prior to the first estrus positively affects the general health of the animal and its physical parameters. The body of such cats is well developed, the bone and muscle skeleton are strong.
Usually, after sterilization of the animal, the metabolism changes, the cat begins to eat more, spending less energy on movement. This leads to a set of extra pounds and as a result, the work of many organs is disrupted.
Signs of estrus
An unsterilized animal will very soon make this clear to the owner of the advancing estrus. Estrus (estrus) lasts differently for each specific cat, but basically it takes about 3 weeks. When the estrus begins, the pet begins to carefully rub against its owners and furniture. Thus, the cat demonstrates its desire for mating.
In addition, often cats begin to press their heads to the floor, pull the back of the body up. Especially in the presence of the opposite sex.
Other characteristic signs of estrus in a cat are:
- loud call-up howls;
- desire to leave an apartment or house;
- discharge from the vaginal opening of a transparent consistency;
- sorting by hind limbs;
- increased appetite;
- aggressive behavior.
How to understand that a cat is sterilized: advice from veterinarians
Doubting that an animal taken from the street or in an animal shelter is sterilized, it is recommended that you seek the help of a qualified veterinarian. An examination by a specialist is necessary to assess the general condition of the animal, to determine the presence of diseases. In addition, the doctor will give recommendations on caring for the pet.
Note! An unsterilized cat, especially during estrus, can cause a lot of problems.
If the veterinarian confirmed the presence of surgical intervention in the pet, conducted recently, the owner can calm down. In extremely rare cases, a cat may experience postoperative estrus, the causes of which lie in the following factors:
- malignant neoplasms of the adrenal gland, pituitary gland and milk packets;
- disruption of the hypothalamic-pituitary system;
- high concentration of sex hormones to the blood.
After the operation, hormonal substances continue to be in the bloodstream for 2 months, and after the hormonal background gradually disappears.