Tick-borne infestations are very serious diseases. They can lead to deafness, deep ulcerative necrotic lesions of the skin and baldness, sepsis, damage to internal organs and other “troubles”. Therefore, cats that have become ill should be treated as soon as possible. The assistant in this is Amitrazin for cats.
The composition of the drug
The medicine is available in the form of a solution for external use, which includes the following components:
- Amitraz. A complex organic compound with a powerful acaricidal effect. Its main advantage is low toxicity to the organism of warm-blooded animals, as well as a special mechanism of action. The latter circumstance is deplorable for ticks, since they cannot adapt to the action of the medicine.
- Dimethyl sulfoxide. This substance has no effect on ticks, but it has a powerful anti-inflammatory effect, and can also stimulate skin regeneration processes, accelerating the cat's recovery.
- Regular rapeseed oil (refined and sterile, of course). It contains lipids that are ideal for the skin. It also speeds up the regeneration and healing process.
The medicine is packaged in bottles with a narrow tip (so it is more convenient to dose) of soft polypropylene. Capacity - 10, 15 or 20 ml. Vials are additionally placed in cardboard packaging along with instructions for use.
There is also an option for release in 10 ml glass bottles, corked with rubber stoppers and protective aluminum caps. In the latter case, I would like to warn the breeders that the pipette does not come with the medicine, it needs to be purchased separately (this is relevant only for the treatment of otodectosis).
Amitrazine belongs to the category of agents with the effect of accumulation (i.e., accumulation).
The active substances of the drug penetrate (and remain there) into the deep layers of the epidermis of the skin, hair follicles and sebaceous glands. This provides a lasting and pronounced effect against parasitic ticks that live in the thickness of the skin.
Once in the body of parasites, the same compounds "turn off" their main receptor centers, prevent the transmission of nerve impulses. Within minutes, this leads to complete paralysis and death of the tick. Note that Amitrazin is equally effective against all vital stages of parasites, and therefore, with its regular use, the chances of relapse are very low.
To ensure maximum efficiency and safety of the medicine for the cat itself, it is necessary to strictly observe the following storage conditions:
- Temperature - from 1 ° to 28 ° Celsius. Note that it is possible to freeze Amitrazine, and this does not affect its medicinal properties (we are talking about one cycle of freezing / thawing). But do not store the medicine for a long time at a temperature of more than 30 ° Celsius, since as a result of this, its quality is significantly deteriorated. Of course, do not freeze Amitrazine in glass bottles.
- When storing the drug, it should be protected from direct sunlight, since ultraviolet radiation contributes to the decomposition of the drug into its components.
- Medication should be protected from access by pets and children.
Indications for use
In most cases, indications for use - many types of tick-borne infestations:
- Otodectosis (i.e. ear tick). In cats, this pathology is ubiquitous; in rural areas, livestock coverage often reaches 100%.
- Demodecosis (subcutaneous tick). Extremely dangerous disease. Note that even if Amitrazine is used, it is most likely that it will not work out to achieve full recovery. The immunity of a sick cat is greatly weakened, and some parasites still remain in the deep layers of the skin.
- Noothedrosis and sarcoptosis. These are scabies caused by microscopic species of parasitic ticks. Both types of parasites are almost identical, and therefore, even in the specialized literature they are often described comprehensively.
Instructions for use Amitrazine
Note that the instructions for the use of Amitrazin depend on the specific type of parasitic ticks. Of course, the differences are not too significant, but still you need to remember about them.
Most carefully, you must follow the rules when treating demodicosis:
- The cat needs to be prepared. To do this, the hair of animals (especially long-haired) in places of skin lesions needs to be cut and shaved. In general, if the pet is long-haired, it is advisable to cut it completely. So the cat will be much easier to treat, the effect of therapy will appear much earlier, and the likelihood of relapse will decrease to a minimum.
- Treat all affected areas using a cotton-gauze swab soaked in medicine. In severe cases, it would be better to lubricate the entire body of the animal. Processing must be carried out every three days. The duration of the course of treatment should be determined by the veterinarian, but at least eight treatments should be performed during this period.
- It is necessary to lubricate the drug not only the affected areas, but also healthy skin within a radius of 1.5 cm from the lesion. Otherwise, complete destruction of the parasites is impossible.
Since demodicosis often has to be smeared with the medicine of the entire cat, it is necessary to prevent licking after treatment. To do this, it is best to use a surgical collar. The pet will have to wear it for at least three hours, until the drug is completely absorbed. If this rule is not observed, the pet can seriously poison.
Important! Almost the same thing applies to the treatment of sarcoptosis and notothedrosis.
The easiest way to use the drug in the treatment of otodectosis. In this case, the medicine is instilled into each ear every three days. Even if the pet’s ear canal is affected only on one side, the medicine cannot be saved!
The tick will inevitably move into the second ear, so then you still have to spend the drug to conduct a second course of treatment. After instillation of the drug, you need to massage the base of the auricle for better distribution of the drug.
The dosage of the drug will depend on the specific disease:
- With demodicosis, sarcoptosis, and cat notodedrosis, the average dose is 0.2 ml per kilogram of live weight of a pet. In severe and advanced cases, the dose may be increased to 0.5 ml per kilogram.
- With otodectosis, up to 3 ml of the drug can be instilled into each ear in one treatment.
If you use the drug in accordance with the above rules, side effects are extremely unlikely. What is more likely to develop in cases of overdose, unreasonably long treatment, as well as special cases (such as individual intolerance to the components of the drug):
- Redness and slight inflammation of the treated skin areas.
- In more severe cases (or when the owner does not pay attention to it), the process can develop until the skin is roughened and deep cracks appear on it. They often bleed, local pain occurs.
- Worst of all, when the process comes to the formation of ulcerative and necrotic lesions, the development of drug-induced dermatitis and eczema is also possible.
In addition, one should not forget about the possibility of developing allergic reactions with individual intolerance to the drug.
Amitrazine is an effective, effective and powerful drug. That is why he has contraindications:
- It is strictly forbidden to handle pregnant and lactating cats. The components of the drug will enter the bloodstream, and from there into the milk. And we have repeatedly warned that getting a drug in the digestive tract is fraught with unpleasant consequences.
- It is forbidden to use the drug for the treatment of weakened and recovering pets, as well as cats suffering from any infectious pathologies.
- Kittens under the age of two months, inclusive, must not be treated. Veterinarians generally recommend waiting until they are three months old.
- It is strictly forbidden to treat animals in which an individual intolerance to the components of the drug has been identified.
- With caution, the drug is prescribed to pets prone to allergies. If such a need arose, the treatment is carried out under the supervision of a veterinarian.
Amitrazine is a unique drug in the sense that analogues he has no. More precisely, any universal acaricidal drops can be attributed to them (Stronghold, for example), but there is only one exact analogue - an aqueous amitrase emulsion. It is used in beekeeping in the treatment of bee varroatosis.