A touching doll muzzle, a naive childish look and a good-natured disposition - all this is an exotic shorthair cat, affectionate and domestic, tender and loving bun. Exotics are known all over the world, regularly take first places at exhibitions, every year conquering more and more hearts. These are unusually cozy creatures that can achieve the desired with just one look of huge eyes.
The Exot breed came about as a result of an accident definitely happy for the lovers of these teddy bears. In the early 1960s, breeders from the United States were engaged in improving the type of American Shorthair, surging the blood of Persian cats. The result was unpredictable: instead of the heavier "American", the breeders got typical Persians, but lacking a rich fur coat. The surprise turned out to be pleasant for the innovators of the world of felinology: already in 1966 the breed received official status.
But the conservative breeders of the Persians were upset. Many refused to provide their animals for interbreeding, others even considered the appearance of a new breed a personal insult. Fortunately, not all Persian breeders were so categorical: the breadth of views of D. Walkingstick and C. Bussey played into the hands of the young breed. The modern exotic cat is the result of knitting not only Persians and American Shorthair; Burmese, British and Russian blue were included in the breeding program.
Persian and exotic cat standards are identical. There is an agreement according to which all the changes in the description of the Persians relate to the standard of their shorthair "variation". In most systems, crossbreeding of Persians and exotics is allowed.
The massive cat of this breed is a large heavyweight on shortish powerful legs. Muscles and roundness in everything - this is the true representative of the breed. Square format, wide and deep chest, strong developed loin, thick tail of medium length. The neck is thick, muscular, very short. The head is massive, round. The ears are very small, short, well rounded. The muzzle is typical “Persian” - flat and very short. The eyes are "surprised" - wide open, large and round. Cat exotics should be voluminous and heavy due to the developed skeleton and muscles, and not due to loose fat.
The shape of the muzzle of exotics is divided into two types:
- Modern type - the back of the nose is located at the same level or slightly higher than the lower eyelid. Muzzle round, flattened, open look;
- Extreme type - snub nose is located between the eyes. The muzzle is very flat or even "pressed". There are deep wrinkles in the nasolabial folds, on the nose and on the forehead.
Shorthair exotica flaunts a plush coat, very thick and pleasant to the touch. Soft hair is slightly longer than that of ordinary shorthair cats, and due to the abundant undercoat does not fit to the body. On a short plush all patterned colors look spectacular: chic marble stains, stripes, "tortoise" spots. Smoky variations are unusual when the tip of the hair is darkened. More than 100 colors common to exotics and Persians are recognized.
By nature, a typical exotic cat resembles the famous book detective Niro Wolfe: a charming fat man, a good-natured and lazy sleepyhead, astonishing with insight and high analytical abilities. However, the lounger instantly turns into an interested participant, having seen something attractive.
These cats are ideal for people who value home comfort and tranquility. They rarely make noise, do not spoil household items, restless race prefer a quiet fuss with a "mouse".
Affectionate buns are funny, almost humanly offended by sloppy children: a puzzled reproachful look, a proud u-turn - and an exotic cat is inaccessible to the baby. Aggression is not their method. Much easier to retire to a safe distance than to bother yourself with hostilities.
Relationships with other pets are good if the four-legged buddy is not too nervous. These cats are easy to raise, and you can achieve absolute peace of mind even with respect to the mouse, brazenly strolling along the plush fur coat of the mustachioed philosopher.
An unflappable cat, appreciating the attention and warmth of a loved one, is almost indifferent to outsiders. For order, she can come and get acquainted, in a good mood, she can even scratch her tummy, but more often she will not open her eyes, having heard about the upcoming party.
Maintenance and care
For short hair, the exotic cat received the nickname "Persian for the lazy." And this is a fair observation, because a plush fur coat does not need such complicated care as a long Persian fur. It is enough to comb the pet a couple of times a month with a brush and occasionally, if there is such a need, bathe or clean with "dry" shampoo.
Due to the curvature of the lacrimal canal, many exotic kittens need regular care: daily removal of excess tears with a gauze swab, removal of lacrimal paths by special means. In some babies, excessive tearing disappears with age, but you should not hope for it - when buying a kitten of this breed, you need to be prepared for the fact that during the life of the pet you will have to pay special attention to his eyes.
The rest is a pleasant burdensome little friends. They do not require special conditions of detention: several sunbeds, a secluded house, feather teasers, balls and the owner's love will make the life of a plush owlet cloudless and happy.
Unfortunately, the cat is susceptible to many genetic diseases. Like the Persians, exotics suffer from obesity, diseases of the eyes and kidneys, pathologies of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. But this is not a reason to refuse to buy, you just need to approach the choice of a four-legged friend with all responsibility, turning to a competent breeder.
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