If you are one of the owners who carry out the prevention of worms in your pet from case to case, this article will be useful to you. We assure you that if you have anthelmintic pet more than six months ago, make sure and understand that the dog worms will not be difficult. Timely prevention will protect the health of your pet, this is not a trick or manipulation, but a proven fact.
Particular attention should be paid to dog owners who do not actually walk on the street - go to the toilet on the tray and almost always sit on their hands. Your pets are at the same risk, as well as dogs running in places of general walking. Moreover, you can be a source of infection of the four!
Ways and methods of infection
Modern veterinary medicine and zoo industry have reached unprecedented heights, but none of the others can convince pet owners to take prevention seriously. We are talking about vaccinations, the prevention of helminths and blood-sucking parasites. The vast majority of owners drive fleas to dogs, because they can be seen. Worms are often forgotten, and this happens only because the owner misses the obvious signs of invasion.
Note! Infection with worms can be judged by the appearance of the dog: dull hair, poor condition of the skin and claws.
From worms it is impossible to defend 100%. Accept for the fact that the dog has worms, and you have them too. Do not panic or try to deceive nature, the goal of prevention is to prevent the multiplication of parasites. The life cycle of most worms can be divided into periods of 3-5 months. That is, 3 months the parasites live measuredly, and after that, peak invasion occurs. Exactly because of this reason I recommend dogs processing 1 time in 3 months. Some types of worms multiply constantly, without peaks and drops, there are worms that can not be overcome with conventional drugs - you need to know these nuances.
Helminths are a large family divided into species. It is arranged by nature that the most common worms are easy to eliminate, and rare ones that are difficult to get infected cannot always be cured by traditional methods. Absolutely any environment is inseminated with parasite eggs, but this does not mean that infection will occur immediately after contact. Almost all types of worms, except the most common, must go through certain stages of growing up to parasitize on dogs or humans. Particularly dangerous worms that develop using multiple carriers.
Note! The eggs of some parasites may be in the air.
Infection with worms does not pose a threat until the parasites multiplied to an impressive number. The more worms, the more painful the condition of the dog. It happens because helminths feed on blood, lymph, tissues and beneficial substances in the intestines. Even when infected with primitive roundworms, the animal rapidly develops vitamin deficiency and weight loss is observed.
Another negative factor of infection with worms is intoxication. In the process of life, the worms secrete waste products, and when the invasion reaches a critical level, some parasites die. Worms and their decaying remains are permanent source of toxinsthat "hit" the liver, kidneys and the health of the pet as a whole.
Note! Long-term infestations without intervention by the wearer can lead to intestinal obstruction.
An adult dog can fight parasites for a long time, but if the worms actively breed in the body of a young dog, everything can end tragically. The puppy's intestinal walls are thinner and not as strong as an adult dog. With worms that multiply rapidly, the intestines can simply burst. Besides, young animals can hardly tolerate intoxication, they refuse to eat, lag behind in growth and quickly weaken.
Important! Dogs and people have a lot of common types of worms, that is, a pet can infect you, and you can infect it.
Even an inexperienced owner can identify common symptoms of infection. The problem is that the development of the clinical picture and the degree of its threat to the life of the pet is very different depending on the type of parasites. It is a mistake to assume that worms live only in the intestines of a dog. There are varieties that are parasitic in respiratory organs, brain, heart, kidneys, liver, pancreas, muscles, eyes etc.
The highest risk of infection falls on the most common types of worms and they relate to intestinal. The main localization of parasites occurs in the thin, and if there are too many worms, then the large intestine.
Do not forget that the toxins released by worms destroy the intestinal microflora. Even these general data make it clear that the condition of the infected dog is significantly worsening. Symptoms include:
- Weakness, apathy, fatigue, chills at a comfortable ambient temperature.
- Vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, false diarrhea, constipation.
- Blood in the stool.
- White fragments of worms with clots of mucus in the feces.
- Itching in the genital area; attempts by the dog to scratch the anus on the ground or floor coverings.
- Slightly, but constantly increased or decreased body temperature.
- Dense outflows from the eyes and nose, the color is usually light.
- Lack of shine and elasticity of the coat.
- Hair loss, severe itching, unnatural gray hair, a sharp loss of mustache pigmentation.
- Putrid or bad breath.
- White, blue, yellowish or inflamed mucous membranes.
- Sneezing and coughing in the absence of symptoms of respiratory infections.
- Distortion of normal appetite - the dog eats a lot or a little, against the background of weight loss.
- Low hemoglobin, metallic smell of saliva, low limb temperature (iron deficiency anemia).
- Convulsive seizures or severe tremor are a sign of severe intoxication.
Note! Invasion in a puppy can be determined by a swollen stomach or the so-called pear-shaped figure.
As you understand the presence of symptoms and the degree of their intensity depends on the number of parasites and the health status of the dog. A young, active pet will stay healthy longer than a puppy or an old dog. Lifestyle is also important, with frequent walking outside the city the pet is more likely to catch parasites ... at the same time, the dogs themselves find and eat herbs containing substances poisonous to the worms. Under the greatest risk are four-legged, picking up leftovers from the ground or walking on their own. It should be understood that infection with worms in this case is only part of the possible consequences. Poisoning, injuries received in fights and under the wheels of cars are much more serious than infection with worms.
The above symptoms are very extensive, they can indicate both an invasion by worms and the development of another ailment. If the dog began to lose weight, it is advisable not to experiment and see a doctor. The presence of worms is confirmed only by analysis, and they do not always give the correct result the first time. If your dog is sick, and you will persistently poison the worms, you have a much greater chance of harm than help.
Important! Do not allow your pet to be treated by eye, ask your veterinarian to take tests and confirm your diagnosis. At the same time, the recommendation for prophylaxis will be reasonable if the dog has not been driven with worms for longer than 3-4 months.
Types and symptoms of worms in dogs
The main sources of infection with worms are food, other animals and people, fleas and the environment. Infection occurs as follows:
- A dog eats spoiled food or a product containing worm larvae.
- Larvae or eggs of worms fall on the dog's nose when sniffing relatives (under tails including) and their feces.
- Some dogs are not indifferent to chasing cats, hedgehogs, squirrels, birds, rats and each of them can carry worm eggs and more.
- The environment is a very rich source, but getting infected in this way is the hardest. There is a risk of eating worm larvae when a dog nibbles a stick or roots, digs the ground, eats grass.
Important! Puddles and ponds with stagnant water are the richest sources of helminth eggs and bacteria! Do not let your pet drink outside or take a bowl and a bottle of water for a walk.
At the first stage, the invasion is not noticeable, since it is in development or an easy stage. Some parasites remove young in the body of the carrier, others re-infection is possible only by repeating the entire cycle (swallowing new larvae). If preventive measures are not taken for a long time, worms either multiply to an impressive population, or deplete the body of the pet.
Keep in mind that if you did not chase worms at the dog (no matter for what reason) and sharply come to your senses, you must act carefully! It is better to contact the veterinarian who will appoint maintenance therapy. It is recommended to give the dog a laxative 2-3 hours after taking the anthelmintic drug, since a large number of dead worms will literally poison the dog.
Important! Be sure to prevent worms before vaccination! Any vaccination is a weakened virus, and worms depress immunity.
Symptoms of Ascaridosis
Roundworm - the most numerous type of helminths, parasitic on warm-blooded animals and people. Externally, the worms are round, thin with pointed ends. The species survives and is the most common due to rapid reproduction and a simple life cycle. Young individuals hatch right in the dog's body, so the number of parasites is growing exponentially.
With severe invasion, especially in puppies, there is an increased, hard peritoneum, pallor of mucous membranes, apathy, and signs of poisoning. Even at an early stage, the dog suffers from alternating diarrhea and constipation, vomiting is often observed. In feces and vomit, fragments of dead and even living worms can be found.
Symptoms of Nematodosis
Nematodes look like roundworm outwardly, but their tips are rounded. Adult worms reach up to 5 cm in length. The difference is that nematodes can parasitize in any organ, as their larvae invade the dog’s bloodstream. Symptoms of nematodosis are rarely clear, more often the cat looks painful, loses weight and quickly gets tired. If parasites have already settled in the organs, the following can be observed:
- Cough and nausea - localization in the esophagus, lungs, respiratory tract.
- Yellowness - the liver, gall bladder or ducts are affected.
- Regular digestion problemsSudden weight loss is likely a pancreatic lesion.
- Problems with coordination, balance, reflexes - the brain is affected.
- Visual impairment, the dog sees what is not there - the parasites got to the eyes.
You can list a dozen more of these symptoms, but the essence is clear, violations occur in the area for which the affected organ is responsible. Some types of nematodes, more precisely, their larvae can cross the placental barrier or get into milk. That is, a cat can infect kittens at the stage of gestation or feeding. Infected kittens lag behind in growth, development and often die.
Hookworm - one of the types of lesions by cestodes. The danger is that these parasites are difficult to detect even with the help of tests. The length of adults is no more than 2 mm, but these worms multiply rapidly and feed only on blood. Even at an early degree of invasion in the dog, weakness and all signs of anemia. In fact, the dog’s body suffers from oxygen deprivation and anemia. Already at an early stage, the owner can notice in the pet the inclusion of blood in the feces and causeless cough.
Symptoms of Cestodose
Cestodes - this species can be called the most dangerous, since even one worm can cause irreparable harm to the dog’s body. It is more difficult to infect cestodes than nematodes or roundworms, but it is difficult to treat them, especially if the situation is running.
Note! Cestodes grow to an impressive size, so when they are removed, they often resort to surgical intervention.
Difillobotrium or wide ribbon - most often affects cats, but can parasitize on any warm-blooded animals and humans. In the body of the dog can reach 1.5 meters, and in the human 10-meter length. The worm is localized in the intestine, but it is impossible to get rid of it with the usual anthelmintic. The drug can kill an adult worm, but already being dead, it will remain attached to the intestinal wall. By means of traditional prevention, only very young individuals can be eliminated, and this suggests regular anthelmintic measures.
Difillobotrium has a complex life cycle, and its eggs not dangerous to humans or dogs. To get infected, the pet must eat a mature larva. Eggs develop in the body of intermediate carriers - fish. Difillobotrium does not tolerate salt water, so it parasitizes only on the inhabitants of the finger reservoirs.
Soon after infection, the dog experiences regular vomiting, sometimes with an admixture of blood, alternating diarrhea and constipation, poor appetite, weight loss, and significantly deterioration of the coat and skin condition. When the worm grows, there is a threat of bowel obstruction and acute anemia.
Cucumber tapeworm - it is believed that this worm is more likely to parasitize on cats, but any warm-blooded animal and person can become its carrier. A fairly common parasite, growing up to 30 cm in length. The body of the worm is divided into segments, the oral apparatus is equipped with suction cups. Intermediate carriers are fleas and other blood-sucking parasites. The dog becomes infected by swallowing a flea.
Localization of the borage in the intestine, which is indicative of the symptoms. The dog suffers from indigestion, gas congestion, itching in the anus, constipation and diarrhea, less often vomiting. At an early stage of the parasite, one can overcome traditional anthelmintic events. If the worm parasitized for several years, there is a risk that it the head will remain attached to the intestines even after death.
Remember! Worms can live in the heart, lungs, liver and other organs! Carry out regular preventive measures and show the pet to the doctor at least 1 time in half a year.