Phunsan is a rare, hunting dog breed almost unknown outside the homeland. The breed was named after the mountainous region, which today is considered a province of Japan.
Phunsan is an indigenous breed bred in North Korea. It is known that the pedigree line has a close relationship with the wolves. The history of the breed begins at the beginning of the XIII century, but some experts insist that the breed originated in the XV century.
According to official figures, the Korean breed of dogs is a descendant of mastiffs and service dogs. According to the second version, Phunsan is a descendant of the northern Laik breed group. There is a third version, according to which the breed descended from Spitz.
During the occupation of Korea from 1910 to 1945, Phunsan was recognized as a national treasure.. Japan, which occupied Korea, conducted fierce propaganda, imposing its own values. To keep the dogs Korean breeders went to the trick. Taking advantage of the obsession of Japanese society for national achievements, the biologist and animal lover, Mr. Mori spoke with a sharp position calling for the preservation and development of the breed, like the Japanese.
Interesting! The propaganda has worked so effectively that Phunsana is still considered by many to be a breed of Japanese origin.
During the occupation, three national dog breeds were threatened at once. Unfortunately, Sapsari did not survive this pressure. In 1940, Japan issued an order allowing the destruction of Korean dogs for meat and skins. Cynically, the fallen dogs of Korea fed and clothed Japanese soldiers. In three years, the Japanese destroyed 1.5 million dogs. Phunsan was on the verge of extinction, and the Sapsari were recognized as disappeared.
It is interesting! Against the background of tribal work for the restoration of the Phunsans, Sapsari were literally revived.
After the war in Korea, when the state officially split into two parts, most of the Phunsans were held hostage by the northern part of the state. In the 90s of the XX century, several pure-bred Phunsans were illegally exported to South Korea. Thus, the breed began to revive.
The next important step was the meeting of the leaders of North and South Korea. Two purebred Phunsan puppies were donated to the President of South Korea and transported to the Blue House. Naturally, many residents of the country wanted to have a "presidential dog" and the demand for the breed increased sharply. In the interest of restoring the breed, the president transferred the dogs to a wildlife park. For breeding took professionals. All puppies received were transported to protected areas, wildlife parks and zoos to continue controlled breeding.
The fate of the dog in South Korea is still in doubt. This part of the country to this day has not abandoned the tradition of eating dogs. Naturally, such an attitude towards animals deprives them of all rights and reduces the work of breeders to zero. The endless petitions and appeals of the zoo protectors of South Korea remain unheard.
Despite the official ban on dog farms in 1991, hundreds of farms working in this direction operate in North Korea. Dogs are raised in unbearable conditions and sent to slaughter at the age of one. Most likely, in North Korea, the fate of the breed is a foregone conclusion, although for many residents, Phunsan are favorites and family members.
Phunsan is medium sized hunting dog, not recognized by the International Kennel Federation.Distinctive features of the breed are white color, erect ears and endurance.
- Head - wedge-shaped, harmonious size. The forehead is almost flat, wide between the ears, tapering towards the muzzle. The occiput is weakly pronounced, the dividing groove is almost imperceptible. Eye arches are slightly expressed, cheekbones are developed, but dry. The transition to the front is pronounced, but not sharp. The back of the nose is wide, slightly tapering to the nose. The end of the muzzle is U-shaped. Lips are not dry, tightly closed, not sagging. The chin is strong but not heavy.
- Teeth - in a complete set, the correct bite, smooth, large, densely standing, white.
- Nose - standard form, black or brown.
- Eyes - medium size, almond-shaped, set straight. Look confident, not malicious, interested. Iris brown or lightened. Close-fitting eyelids, pigmented.
- The ears - triangular, erect, rather large.
- Body - rectangular format, muscular, tightened. The neck is short, straight, muscular, oval in cross section. The withers are well defined, especially in males. The chest is oval, not too wide, of standard depth. The groin line is tightened, without a sharp explosion.
- Limbs - not massive, with dry muscles and very ductile tendons. Forelegs are even and parallel. The shoulder girdle is well developed. The blades are strong, well inclined to the body. The elbows are set strictly under the body and directed back. The forearms and metacarpals are sheer. The hips are not too large, muscular. Hock joints are flexible, directed strictly back. Oval brushes with long, strong fingers. The nails are long enough, sharp and dark. Paw pads are strong, large.
- Tail - strong, thick, wrapped in a ring and thrown on his back. In adult dogs, a decorating fan of wool is formed on the tail.
Type of coat and color
The skin is dense, without wrinkles, thin and pink. The coat is homogeneous, very dense. In puppies and bitches after moulting, the coat may look poor. In adult dogs, elongated hair forms on the withers, chest, and tail. Permissible color Phunsanov only one - pure white.
Character and training
Phunsan is smart independent and energetic dog breed. Representatives of the breed are loyal to their owners and are ready to protect them until the last breath. Four-legged animals need intense physical activity every day, otherwise they destroy everything in the home.
Phunsans prefer to build strong, trusting relationships with one of the family members - the owner. The nature of the dogs cannot be called simple, so from puppyhood you must show the pet that you are the head of the family. Representatives of the breed get along with other animals without problems. If several dogs live in the house, Phunsan partially consumes his physical potential in games and communication. Naturally, like any native breed, Phunsan needs active, early socialization.
The held owners say that their pets are often jealous. If you already have a dog and you decide to have Phunsan, this is a great option. If you have an adult Phunsan and you decide to have another animal, you need to train your pets to each other gradually. Moreover, many owners complain that their pets are chasing cats and small animals on the street.
Note! Phunsan may be wary of strangers. At home, they believe that representatives of the breed feel the intentions of people. That is, if your pet does not trust a stranger, then he has good reason for this.
As long as strangers and animals do not violate protected borders, Phunsan will ignore them. If the boundaries are violated, the dog will watch the guest for some time. If an uninvited guest doesn’t leave on their own, Phunsan will warn about their intentions by a distinct bark. If the warning is ignored, the four-legged will attack. In an attack, Phunsan is ruthless and fearless, this must be considered before buying a puppy.
Note! Phunsans do not bark just like that. If the dog barks at a stranger, intervene to keep the pet from more drastic protective measures.
At an early age, the puppy must be walked on a leash, because Phunsan can instinctively chase small animals. Training can be a problem for inexperienced owners.
Phunsans are rather stubborn, but this is explained by their self-sufficiency and self-confidence. Simply put, the dog believes that she does not need additional skills, she can cope perfectly with the duties entrusted to her - protection, even without training. By and large, this attitude of the pet is justified, but since the dog will be in contact with other animals and people, it needs to be trained at least in basic commands.
The process of education and training begins with the fact that you must form the correct hierarchy. Even in puppies, Phunsans tend to dominate. A dog that considers itself the head of the family is not required to obey the orders of the owner. Judging by the experience of the owners, for the full development of the basic course of training with a pet, it is necessary to intensively engage in at least 1 year. Males are usually more temperamental and stubborn.therefore, when raising them, the owner will have to show serious restraint.
Note! Phunsan is considered a slowly growing breed. Even at the age of one, a pet can start a teenage riot, trying to regain the leadership of the pack.
Phunsans do not like monotony, which means that training should always be diluted with games and interesting tasks. In puppyhood, representatives of the breed like to nibble everything, so a toy will be the best encouragement.
In adolescence, most owners find that their dogs are very love to dig. There are two further scenarios: reconcile, more often take the dog for a walk or redirect the pet's energy to a more productive course. By the way, Phunsan easily digs a dig under the fence if he wants to run away, so the four must be taken often for walks.
Maintenance and care
Phunsan is a breed for a house with a spacious yard. In the apartment, such dogs suffer from a lack of stress. In addition, Phunsan needs to protect the territory, otherwise he will switch his aggression to small animals or strangers for a walk. Phunsans quickly enough get used to the enclosure, but in frosty weather they must be allowed into the house.
The energy of Phunsan should be read before buying a puppy. Even when living in a house with a large yard, a four-legged may not behave quite adequately. It is known that breed representatives successfully hunt farm animals and birds. So that the dog can use up energy, it needs to be practiced 1-2 hours a day!
Dog grooming is easy. Despite the white color, the dog remains clean due to skin secretion. To maintain the shine of the coat and an effective appearance, the coat must be cleaned once a week. During molting, the pet needs to be combed out daily. If the molting is delayed, it is recommended to bathe the dog in warm clean water. Full bathing is carried out in the summer, 1 time per year, after molting. Representatives of the breed do not have a specific dog smell.
Important! With insufficient workloads, the Phunsans tend to gnaw things and howl.
Despite the vertical ears, Phunsans are prone to various types of ear infections. Most often, otitis occurs in frosty and hot weather. Representatives of the breed are not adapted to low temperatures, although they have a dense wool coat. For the prevention of otitis media in the cold season, it is recommended that the dog be walked in a coupling cap.
Due to the paucity of the breed, statistics on it are very few. Life expectancy ranges from 12-15 years, which is the norm for native breeds.
It is known that Phunsan is absolutely not resistant to viruses and bacteria that are not common in the homeland, so puppies and adult dogs need regular vaccination.
Among the common hereditary ailments of the breed, the following are common:
- Hip dysplasia.
- Dysplasia of the elbow joints.
- Oncology of various types.
- Inversion and inversion of the century.
Representatives of the breed are prone to intestinal inversion. Phunsanov is undesirable to walk immediately after a walk. At the stage of active growth, the dog must be transferred to fractional feeding in order to avoid stretching the stomach.