Feline birth quite naturally causes some anxiety even among experienced breeders, and even newcomers sometimes even experience real horror. For some reason, many believe that something will happen to their cattery, and therefore she will not be able to give birth to kittens on her own. Fortunately, all this is just prejudice. Practice shows that in almost 100% of cases childbirth in cats ends successfully without any outside help.
We note, however, that the likelihood of complications is still higher in thoroughbred animals. It is much more important to know when exactly your pet is going to give birth to cubs. The prenatal outflow from the external genitalia is often warned of the approach of a significant event.
Types of discharge
We immediately emphasize one important circumstance: remember that any streaks that appeared two or three weeks before birth are in any case a pathology. At such times, the cat should not “leak” (however, you could have made a mistake with the gestational age, you should not forget about this either). If you see any discharge during this period of pregnancy, immediately bring the cat to the veterinarian. There is a certain probability that the animal is not even pregnant, and the absence of leaks is explained by the uterus, completely filled with pus (chronic endometritis or pyometra in general).
In this case, other signs hint at the need for a visit to the veterinarian:
- The outflows are greenish, greenish-white or yellow-green. Such shades indicate the presence of purulent inflammation. Well, if such a thing occurred in a pregnant cat, there is every reason to worry about the health and life of not only kittens, but also the cat itself.
- When probing the abdomen, it turns out that the abdominal wall is very tense and painful, which is why the animal shows aggression upon palpation.
- The condition of the cat causes you some concerns. For example, with an increase in body temperature, increased thirst and lack of appetite, you must definitely consult a veterinarian. All these symptoms indicate severe pregnancy pathologies, and many of them are dangerous not only for health, but also for the life of a cat.
But the “leaks” that appeared five days before the expected birth (once again we recall that the gestational age may not be determined exactly) are considered quite normal. What is the reason for their appearance?
Mucus plug and its significance
You need to know that normally the uterine cavity should be absolutely sterile. The ingestion of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microflora in it almost always leads to serious consequences, including intrauterine death of the entire offspring and further (if no veterinary assistance was provided) death of the mother from septic phenomena. How is sterility ensured? By reducing muscle fibers of the cervix. But this does not apply to the period of pregnancy. At this time, the organ is slightly ajar, which, in theory, should favor the penetration of microorganisms into the uterine cavity. But this does not happen.
Absolute tightness of the body is achieved through mucous plugs, which is a clot that completely covers the lumen of the neck. Its “material” is impervious to air and its constituent gases, as well as to dust and microorganisms. Cork formation begins almost immediately after conception, being stimulated by the production of appropriate hormones.
It turns out she is about three or five days before giving birth (maximum). If there are signs of early cork departure, the cat needs to be urgently taken to the veterinarian, since the uterus, which is left without its natural “plug”, becomes vulnerable to the penetration of microscopic “saboteurs”. How to understand that before the birth of kittens at your cat’s place, it is the cork that is secreted, and not something else?
Here are the main features of this process:
- A pinkish brown mucus begins to drain from the external genitalia. Some inexperienced owners at the sight of this spectacle are struck in a panic, because they think that their pet is bleeding. In fact, mucus from blood, if you pull yourself together, is quite easy to distinguish.
- The cat “leaks” in bunches, in portions. Constantly plug does not leak.
- The cat during this period becomes very restless, constantly rushing around the house and climbs into the most remote, inaccessible corners. This sign clearly indicates that your pet has started searching for a "den" suitable for the birth of kittens.
Water or amniotic fluid
Water is another type of discharge that any cat owner will encounter during childbirth.. But where do brooks come from? Everything is simple. These are amniotic fluids in which a kitten swims during pregnancy. They are secreted directly by the surface of the placenta. In addition, as the kitten grows and forms its own organ systems, the baby begins to ... simply write. And his urine also enters the cavity of the amniotic bladder.
It is for this reason that it is difficult to confuse the allocation of tribal waters with something else:
- They are yellowish brown or brownish red. Abundant blood impurities and clots of dark green or whitish-yellow color should not normally be normal, since their appearance indicates the development of purulent inflammation directly in the uterine cavity. In such cases, you should immediately call a veterinarian.
- Normally, the smell of amniotic waters is quite sharp (with cat urine), specific, but difficult to call it unpleasant. Again, it does not hurt to call a veterinarian if the “aroma” of rot or pus comes from them. Such signs do not mean anything good. It is possible, in particular, to mentally prepare for the fact that there will be no live (or healthy, at least) kittens in the litter, and the cat will need long-term treatment.
Is bleeding in the prenatal period allowed?
More likely no than yes". Remember that the release of small volumes of blood directly during childbirth is a completely normal phenomenon, but her appearance a few days before the birth of kittens is a sign of extremely alarming and bad. It is very possible that we are talking about detachment of the placenta or its presentation. In such cases, it is strongly advised to consult a competent and experienced veterinarian immediately.
If there is not much left until the "official" date of the birth, then with timely treatment and careful handling of the cat, there is every chance of preserving its offspring. If the “drip” began long before the birth, then soon there will probably be a miscarriage (or already was, and the cat ate the dead kittens).
Important! Excessive bleeding even during childbirth also does not mean anything good. This often happens with large-fruited primiparous babies.
Since the kittens are too large, and the birth canal of the animal has not yet been “developed” to the proper degree, birth injuries (and quite serious ones) are very likely, due to the presence of which the animal can “trite” die from blood loss. And therefore, all owners of cats who are going to take the first birth at their pets, I would like to advise you to agree in advance with the veterinarian about his presence at the birth.