In veterinary practice, diseases that are deadly dangerous not only for animals but also for humans are not so common. But rabies belongs to this category. It cannot be treated, it can only be prevented by grafting the dog on time. But some owners are embarrassed by a possible reaction to a rabies vaccine in dogs.
Why a possible reaction depends
Below we will consider frequent deviations from the norm (and the norm too), but so far it is necessary to describe one of the most common situations. So, worms. How are intestinal parasites generally associated with vaccine responses?
Everything is simple. In the process of their active life, worms secrete a huge amount of toxins, most of which are actively absorbed into the general bloodstream of the animal.
- Firstly, these toxins themselves are great allergens and "just" powerful poisons.
- Secondly, when combined with the components of the vaccine, they can give completely unpredictable and unpredictable results.
- It is also known that in dogs with severe helminthic infestations, vaccination sometimes did not give the desired result, i.e. normal immunity in them simply did not form.
Important! Veterinarians and experienced breeders insist on complying with one simple rule: 10 days before any vaccination, deworming must be carried out.
Moreover, if a strong invasion is suspected, 10 days after the first antiparasitic treatment, a second one is performed (until the worm eggs are no longer detected in the animal’s feces).
Normal dog reaction to rabies vaccine
First, owners should remember that after vaccination the dog’s body reaction is normal and acceptable. And this is due to the fact that the vaccine is a drug of biological origin. This means that after administration, the immune system begins to respond. This is normal and inevitable. In some animals, drowsiness develops, while others begin to drink a lot of water, and in others, a slight swelling or / and redness appears at the injection site.
All these phenomena are similar in one: they quickly (within a maximum of a couple of days) pass without causing more severe effects and do not require veterinary intervention to eliminate them. In other cases, it is appropriate to talk about pathological reactions of the canine organism, and in these situations, professional help is no longer necessary.
Common reactions and complications in dogs after rabies vaccination
In general, post-vaccination complications after using rabies vaccines are very rare: no more than 1.3% of the total number of vaccinated animals. So the owners are not particularly worried. In addition, really serious pathologies occur even less often, their frequency does not exceed the statistical error.
The most common pathological reaction is an allergic reaction.
The clinical picture is as follows:
- Rashes appear on the skin in the form of a red rash.
- In addition, immediately at the injection site, a slight swelling may occur, and with an allergic origin, the tumor will itch strongly and constantly. Animals begin to scratch them, which is why they tear apart their worrying places literally to "meat". Pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microflora quickly seeded these areas, as a result of which purulent inflammation develops.
- Sometimes allergic reactions manifest as intense, profuse diarrhea. As a rule, digestive disorders in this case go away in about three days.
Abscesses and bumps at the injection site
Both abscesses and lumps at the injection site with a very big stretch can be attributed to the consequences of the introduction of the rabies vaccine. If swelling, as we wrote above, can occur due to allergies, then an abscess is almost 100% a consequence of a gross violation of the rules of antiseptics and asepsis.
To prevent this from happening, you need to properly prepare the injection site:
- The place is pre-cut, and in ideal cases - also shaved. This is especially true for long-haired breeds.
- The skin area is thoroughly wiped with a swab dipped in 70% aqueous alcoholic solution (or alcohol tincture of iodine).
If the abscess has developed, the owners should not smear it with iodine, and even more so - try to squeeze out pus from there. It will not lead to anything good. An abscess is opened and cleaned in a clinic; in severe cases, it may be necessary to install a drainage and a course of antibiotic therapy.
Most likely, a decrease in activity is also not a deadly sign. This phenomenon is very common after all vaccinations. We remind you once again that vaccination is a drug of biological origin. In fact, a large dose of antigen is introduced into the body, which is perceived by the body "with hostility."
The dog at the same time feels like a person with a starting cold. There is a slight muscle ache, possibly an increase in body temperature, refusal of food and increased thirst. This is a perfectly normal reaction. It is worth worrying only in cases where it lasts for two days or more.
Cramps and muscle cramps
But cramps and muscle cramps are clearly non-physiological phenomena. In these cases, the veterinarian should be called immediately. There are not many reasons, but all of them are potentially fatal:
- Severe allergic reaction.
- Anaphylactic shock.
- Severe intolerance to some components of the vaccine.
In such cases, antihistamines, as well as medications to support cardiac and respiratory activity, are immediately administered to the animal.
But! Especially impressionable owners understand “spasms” as light jerking of the limb in the area of which the injection was made. It is possible that the operator simply failed to administer the drug, which makes the animal unpleasant. In this case, all the alarming phenomena pass by themselves, for a maximum of a couple of days.
Perhaps (with the exception of death from anaphylaxis), autoimmune diseases are the worst consequence of any vaccination. True, the probability of this is approximately 1: 1,000,000, if not less. But nevertheless, veterinarians really proved that vaccinations can stimulate the development of autoimmune pathologies, but only with a combination of a number of factors:
- The initial genetic predisposition of the animal. As a rule, autoimmune ailments do not appear just like that; a dog should have some kind of predisposition in almost 100% of cases.
- Chronic diseases If an animal has been suffering from some kind of chronic “sore” for several years, its immunity is seriously undermined and may work inadequately. Accordingly, the risk of developing autoimmune pathologies in such a situation increases significantly.
- Vaccination without prior antiparasitic (anthelmintic) treatment. Worms emit a lot of toxic substances, which, among other things, can act as allergens. Against this background, normal immunity is formed poorly, but its disorders and "perverted" forms may develop.
Unfortunately, in such cases, treatment does not exist. Only symptomatic therapy is possible, with the help of which the most striking manifestations of autoimmune pathologies are suppressed.
As we already mentioned, fever is not a reason for panic. Anyway, in the first two days. At this time, the animal in fact is ill in an ultralight form, and therefore elevated body temperature is a completely normal phenomenon, there is nothing wrong with that. But in cases where hyperthermia is observed for three or more days, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian.
Diarrhea and incontinence
In some cases, diarrhea and incontinence of the same allergenic nature develop after vaccination. This happens not only after rabies vaccines. If periodic cases of diarrhea and incontinence pass within two days, everything is in order.
If they continue later, the help of a veterinarian is needed. In addition, if severe diarrhea develops in a puppy (and is vaccinated against rabies from three months old), a specialist should be contacted immediately.
Vomiting and nausea
As in many previous cases, vomiting and nausea are relatively common and not too dangerous side effects. As a rule, their etiology is still the same allergy or individual intolerance to the components of the vaccine. "Physiological" phenomena of this type should take place during the day. If they continue for a longer time, then the "prescription", as in all previous cases, is to contact a veterinarian.
First aid for abnormal reaction
If the condition of the animal owner is very worrying, then self-medication is not worth it. You need to call a veterinarian right away. In all other cases, the simplest first aid is possible with an abnormal reaction:
- It should provide the pet with complete peace. No need to run around and panic around him, do not slam the doors and scream, trying to help him. From too much fuss the dog will only get worse.
- The animal should have trouble-free access to clean drinking water.
- It is necessary to ensure the normal temperature of the room, the room should be ventilated more often.
You should never give the affected dog any medicine, since in the absence of experience it can be easily poisoned.